Monolithic columns for capillary electrochromatography have been prepared within the confines of untreated fused-silica capillaries in a single step by a simple copolymerization of mixtures of butyl methacrylate, ethylene dimethacrylate, and 2-acrylarnido-2-methyl-1-propane-sulfonic acid (AMPS) in the presence of a porogenic solvent. The use of these novel macroporous monoliths eliminates the need for frits, the difficulties encountered with packed capillaries, and capillary surface functionalization. Since the porous properties of the monolithic materials can be easily tailored through changes in the composition of the ternary porogenic solvent, the effects of both pore size and the percentage of sulfonic acid monomer on the efficiency and the electroosmotic flow velocity of the capillary columns could be studied independently over a broad range. A simple increase in the content of charged functionalities within the monolith leads to an expected acceleration of the flow velocity. However, increasing the pore size leads to a substantial deterioration of the efficiency of the separation. In contrast, monoliths with increasing levels of AMPS in which the pore size remains fixed due to adjustments in the composition of the porogenic solvent show no deterioration in efficiency while maintaining the same increase in flow velocity, thus producing a significant reduction in separation time. Additionally, measurements on monoliths with constant levels of AMPS but different pore sizes suggest that flow velocity may be affected by the flow resistance within the capillary column.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry