Moderate or intense low-oxygen dilution combustion of methane diluted by CO2 and N2

Jianpeng Zhang, Jianchun Mi, Pengfei Li, Feifei Wang, Bassam B. Dally

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations


Moderate or intense low-oxygen dilution (MILD) combustion is regarded as one of the most effective technologies to achieve extremely low NOx emissions of combustion. MILD combustion diluted by CO2 and by N2 are herein termed "MILD oxy-combustion" and "MILD air combustion", respectively. The present study is to investigate the difference of the two by experimental observation in a furnace of 20 kW and chemical kinetics calculation of a well-stirred reactor (WSR). Also, to identify their difference in mechanism, reaction paths of combustion diluted with N2 and CO2 are examined. It is revealed that the region of MILD oxy-combustion is notably larger than that of MILD air combustion for gaseous fuels, which suggests that the requirement for establishing MILD combustion is less stringent with dilution by CO2 than by N2. The key reason is that the CO2 dilution substantially lowers the temperature rise because of combustion, delays the ignition, and slows the overall reaction rate, thus facilitating the occurrence of MILD combustion. Detailed analyses show that the temperature reduction derives from the physical effect of CO2 dilution, while the ignition delay results mainly from the chemical effect. Moreover, the investigation of reaction paths suggests that the CO2 dilution increases the local CO production mainly through H + CO2 → OH + CO and CO2 + CH2(s) → CO + CH2O.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4576-4585
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 16 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2022-09-12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology


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