Model for Estimating Time-Varying Properties of an Inductively Coupled Plasma

Robin Georg, Ashley R. Chadwick, Bassam Dally, Georg Herdrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A developing application of inductively coupled plasmas is in the field of electrodeless (propellant-flexible) electric propulsion. A significant issue facing this application is the need for diagnostic techniques that do not disturb the plasma (are nonintrusive), are propellant-agnostic, can resolve time variance, and are suitable for use in-flight. A new technique meeting these criteria is presented in this work. The technique makes use of the transformer model of inductive coupling to estimate the plasma impedance from the antenna current and resonant frequency, both of which can be measured nonintrusively. Having an estimate of the plasma impedance, it is possible to estimate a variety of plasma properties under the assumption of a uniform tubular plasma volume. Starting with a circuit representation of a high-power inductive plasma source, governing equations are derived and a solution method is described. Experimental data from the plasma source showing transient behavior (fluctuations within 300-Hz cycle) in oxygen plasmas with various input powers and flow rates are analyzed to demonstrate the technique and investigate trends. The technique produces results that are self-consistent and align well with previous theoretical work.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
StatePublished - Apr 25 2022

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-04-29
Acknowledgements: Research undertaken for this report has been assisted with a grant from the Sir Ross and Sir Keith Smith Fund (Smith Fund) ( The support is acknowledged and greatly appreciated. This work was supported in part by the German Research Foundation under Project HE 4563/3-1 and in part by the Australian Government Research Training Program (RTP) Scholarship. The review of this article was arranged by Senior Editor S. Portillo.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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