Mo-doped Pr0.6Sr0.4Fe0.8Ni0.2O3-δ (PSFNM) perovskites are synthesized by a modified Pechini method and evaluated as both anode and cathode for intermediate-temperature symmetrical solid oxide fuel cell (SSOFC). The influence of Mo-doping on structure, conductivity, thermal expansion coefficient and electrochemical performance of Pr0.6Sr0.4Fe0.8Ni0.2O3-δ (PSFN) electrode are investigated. The results indicate that PSFNM exhibits a cubic perovskite structure and shows a good reversibility. After heated at 800 °C for 10 h in humidified H2, some new phases of SrPrFeO4, Pr2O3, and Fe-Ni alloy in PSFNM are identified by powder X-ray diffraction analysis. Although the conductivity of Mo-doped sample is slightly decreased, the thermal expansion compatibility and hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR) activity are gradually improved. The maximum power density of SSOFC increase from 435 mW/cm2 to 500 mW/cm2 at 800 °C, and the corresponding polarization resistance decrease from 0.102 Ω.cm2 to 0.070 Ω.cm2, respectively. In addition, the SSOFC with PSFNM electrode shows a robust stability after operating at 700 °C for 100 h. These results demonstrate that PSFNM is a promising electrode for SSOFC at intermediate temperatures.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Chinese Natural Science Foundation on contact No. 51102107, No. 21404015, No. 51462012 & No. 51202080 and Anhui Provincial Natural Science Foundation on contact No. 1408085MKL43.
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd
- Interfacial polarization resistance
- Robust stability
- Symmetrical solid oxide fuel cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)