Mixed phosphite/N-heterocyclic carbene complexes: Synthesis, characterization and catalytic studies

Olivier Diebolt, Václav Jurčík, Rosenildo Correa Da Costad, Pierre Braunstein, Luigi Cavallo, Steven P. Nolan, Alexandra M.Z. Slawin, Catherine S.J. Cazin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations


A series of mixed P(OR)3/NHC Pd complexes was synthesized and fully characterized. The steric properties of both types of ligands were computationally determined using X-ray data. These structural studies clearly show that N-heterocyclic carbenes modulate their bulkiness with respect to the steric requirements of the coligands. Catalytic studies were performed using this new class of complexes for the Suzuki- Miyaura reaction. It was found that alkoxide or hydroxide bases and/or alcohols were necessary to achieve good catalytic activity. Mechanistic studies were undertaken in order to gain insights into the role of alkoxide groups. These studies suggest that alcohols or alkoxide groups play a major role in the activation of the precatalyst to generate the catalytically active species. Catalytic studies proved these systems to be efficient using 0.1 mol % of Pd loading for the coupling of aryl, benzyl, and heterocyclic chlorides with boronic acids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1443-1450
Number of pages8
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 22 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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