Mitochondrial Genome of Nonmodel Marine Metazoans by Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS)

Tullia Isotta Terraneo, Kiruthiga Mariappan, Zac Forsman, Roberto Arrigoni

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Mitochondrial genomes (mtgenome) represent an important source of information for addressing fundamental evolutionary, phylogeographic, systematic, and ecological questions in marine organisms. In the last two decades the advent of high-throughput next-generation sequencing (NGS) has provided an unprecedented possibility to access large amount of genomic data and, as such, there has been a rapid growth in mtgenome resources and studies. In particular, NGS strategies represent a great advantage for investigating nonmodel marine organisms for which no or limited genomic resources are available. Here, we describe a routinely used standardized protocol to obtain mtgenome of nonmodel marine organisms by NGS. The protocol is composed of five main steps, including DNA extraction, DNA fragmentation, library preparation, high-throughput sequencing, and bioinformatic analyses. Each of the first three steps is followed by size/quality and concentration validations. The advantages of the described protocol rely on the assumption that no a priori information on mtgenome of the studied organism is needed and on its versatility as researchers may choose several kits for DNA extraction and library preparation and adopt different methods for DNA fragmentation depending on their needs, experience, and suppliers.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMethods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)
PublisherSpringer US
Pages1-18
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9781071623121
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 22 2022

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