Migration error for transversely isotropic media

Tariq Alkhalifa*, Ken Larner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Most migration algorithms today are based on the assumption that the Earth is isotropic, an approximation that is often not valid and thus can lead to position errors on migrated images. Here, we compute curves of such position errors as a function of reflector dip for transversely isotropic (TI) media characterized by Thomsen's anisotropy parameters S and e. Depending on whether the migration velocity is derived from stacking velocity or from vertical rms velocity, we find quite contrary sensitivities of the error behavior to the values of 6 and e. Error-versus-dip behavior also depends in a complicated way on vertical velocity gradient and vertical time, as well as orientation of the symmetry axis. Moreover, error behavior is quite dependent on just how S and e vary with depth. In addition to presenting the error-versus-dip curves, we show migrations of synthetic data that exemplify the mispositioning that results from ignoring anisotropy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993
Event1993 Society of Exploration Geophysicists Annual Meeting - Washington, United States
Duration: Sep 26 1993Sep 30 1993


Conference1993 Society of Exploration Geophysicists Annual Meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics


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