Microstructural and magnetic properties of epitaxial Ni50Mn37/35Sn13/15 Heusler alloy thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition

B. Vishal, U. Bhat, H. Sharona, A. Mukherjee, S. Roy, S. C. Peter, R. Datta*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Ni50Mn37Sn13 and Ni50Mn35Sn15 epitaxial alloy thin films with two different compositions are grown on c plane sapphire substrate by pulsed laser deposition. The epitaxial relationship between untransformed L21and sapphire is α-Al2O3 [011¯0] ‖ L21 [011]. The Curie temperatures of the films are 316 and 334 K, respectively. The microstructure of the films consists of untransformed austenite (L21) and three different martensite with L10, 4O and 5M structures. The relative volume fractions of four predominant phases are ∼50, 40, 5 and 5%, respectively at room temperature for both the films. The epitaxial L21 phase grows under tensile strain on sapphire (0 0 0 1) substrate and favours the formation of predominantly L10 over other martensite phases below the transition temperature. The interface between various untransformed and transformed phases are found to be coherent. The overall experimental magnetization of the thin films is slightly less than the theoretical values. Local HREELS spectra of Mn and Ni L3,2 absorption edges confirm the presence of some non-magnetic phases in the structure particularly in 4O and 5M form of martensite might account for the observed differences with the theoretical value.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number125772
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
StatePublished - Sep 15 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors sincerely acknowledge the ICMS, JNCASR, India for research funding and facilities.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.


  • A1. Crystal structure
  • A3. Lase epitaxy
  • B1. Alloys
  • B2. Magnetic materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Microstructural and magnetic properties of epitaxial Ni50Mn37/35Sn13/15 Heusler alloy thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this