Microdroplet-based universal logic gates by electrorheological fluid

Mengying Zhang, Limu Wang, Xiang Wang, Jinbo Wu, Jiaxing Li, Xiuqing Gong, Jianhua Qin, Weihua Li, Weijia Wen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


We demonstrate a uniquely designed microfluid logic gate with universal functionality, which is capable of conducting all 16 logic operations in one chip, with different input voltage combinations. A kind of smart colloid, giant electrorheological (GER) fluid, functions as the translation media among fluidic, electronic and mechanic information, providing us with the capability of performing large integrations either on-chip or off-chip, while the on-chip hybrid circuit is formed by the interconnection of the electric components and fluidic channels, where the individual microdroplets travelling in a channel represents a bit. The universal logic gate reveals the possibilities of achieving a large-scale microfluidic processor with more complexity for on-chip processing for biological, chemical as well as computational experiments. © 2011 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7493
JournalSoft Matter
Issue number16
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): SA-C0040, UK-C0018
Acknowledgements: This publication is based on work partially supported by Award No. SA-C0040/UK-C0016, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Hong Kong RGC grants HKUST 603608. The work was also partially supported by the Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Program at HKUST.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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