Microbial electrolysis desalination and chemical-production cell for CO2 sequestration

Xiuping Zhu, Bruce E. Logan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mineral carbonation can be used for CO2 sequestration, but the reaction rate is slow. In order to accelerate mineral carbonation, acid generated in a microbial electrolysis desalination and chemical-production cell (MEDCC) was examined to dissolve natural minerals rich in magnesium/calcium silicates (serpentine), and the alkali generated by the same process was used to absorb CO2 and precipitate magnesium/calcium carbonates. The concentrations of Mg2+ and Ca2+ dissolved from serpentine increased 20 and 145 times by using the acid solution. Under optimal conditions, 24mg of CO2 was absorbed into the alkaline solution and 13mg of CO2 was precipitated as magnesium/calcium carbonates over a fed-batch cycle (24h). Additionally, the MEDCC removed 94% of the COD (initially 822mg/L) and achieved 22% desalination (initially 35g/L NaCl). These results demonstrate the viability of this process for effective CO2 sequestration using renewable organic matter and natural minerals. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-29
Number of pages6
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume159
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KUS-I1-003-13
Acknowledgements: The authors acknowledge support from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) by Award KUS-I1-003-13. The authors would also like to thank Dr. George Alexander from the Department of Energy and Geo-Environmental Engineering, Penn State University, for providing natural minerals.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.

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