Metamaterial mirrors in optoelectronic devices

Majid Esfandyarpour, Erik C. Garnett, Yi Cui, Michael D. McGehee, Mark L. Brongersma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

165 Scopus citations

Abstract

The phase reversal that occurs when light is reflected from a metallic mirror produces a standing wave with reduced intensity near the reflective surface. This effect is highly undesirable in optoelectronic devices that use metal films as both electrical contacts and optical mirrors, because it dictates a minimum spacing between the metal and the underlying active semiconductor layers, therefore posing a fundamental limit to the overall thickness of the device. Here, we show that this challenge can be circumvented by using a metamaterial mirror whose reflection phase is tunable from that of a perfect electric mirror († = €) to that of a perfect magnetic mirror († = 0). This tunability in reflection phase can also be exploited to optimize the standing wave profile in planar devices to maximize light-matter interaction. Specifically, we show that light absorption and photocurrent generation in a sub-100 nm active semiconductor layer of a model solar cell can be enhanced by ∼20% over a broad spectral band. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)542-547
Number of pages6
JournalNature Nanotechnology
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 22 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KUS-C1 -015-21
Acknowledgements: This publication was based on work supported by the Center for Advanced Molecular Photovoltaics (CAMP) funded by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) under award no. KUS-C1 -015-21. It was also supported by the Department of Energy (grant no. DE-FG07ER46426). The authors thank P. Landreman and V. Esfandyarpour for discussions.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.

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