Metallization schemes for dielectric thin film capacitors

H. N. Al-Shareef*, D. Dimos, B. A. Tuttle, M. V. Raymond

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


A detailed analysis of Pt/Ti, Pt/TiO2, and Pt/ZrO2 electrodes was carried out to develop a bottom electrode stack for sol-gel derived thin film capacitors. For the Pt/Ti stack, the choice of layer thickness and deposition temperature is found to affect adhesion to the SiO2/Si substrate as well as the extent of hillock formation and Pt-Ti interaction. By using elevated temperature deposition, Pt films close to 1 μm in thickness can be produced with relatively good adhesion and morphological stability using Ti adhesion layers. In addition, Pt films grown on ZrO2 and TiO2 adhesion layers exhibit little morphological change and no degradation in sheet resistance after annealing at 650 °C, However, neither ZrO2 nor TiO2 are as effective as Ti metal in promoting Pt adhesion. Experiments aimed at establishing a correlation between hillock formation and capacitor yield revealed two important results. First, the behavior of Pt/Ti stacks during annealing in air is markedly different from their behavior during PZT film crystallization. Second, preannealing of the Pt/Ti in air prior to PZT film growth actually improves capacitor yield, even though hillock formation occurs during the preannealing treatment. Implications of these results regarding the role of hillocks in controlling capacitor yield are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-354
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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