Metal ion modified PIM-1 and its application for propylene/propane separation

Kuo Sung Liao, Juin Yih Lai, Tai Shung Chung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations


Polymers with intrinsic microporosity (PIMs) have attracted much attention from the membrane community due to the nature of high fractional free volume and high gas permeability. To explore their potential for C3H6/C3H8 separation, PIM-1 was hydrolyzed and incorporated with various metal ions such as Zn2+, Mg2+ and Ag+. Experimental results reveal that the pristine PIM-1 has poor C3H6/C3H8 separation. Analyses from positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy suggest that hydrolyzed PIM-1 possesses a smaller free volume size and a less fractional free volume resulting in a higher C3H6/C3H8 selectivity of α=9.12 and a lower C3H6 permeability of 421 Barrer. The Ag+ ion treated membrane shows weak facilitated transport with a moderately improved C3H6 permeability of 759 Barrer and C3H6/C3H8 selectivity of 11.69. The Mg2+ ion treated membrane exhibits affinity to the π-orbital of olefin. It has a higher C3H6/C3H8 selectivity of 15.23 but a lower C3H6 permeability of 568 Barrer. The Zn2+ ion treated membrane displays the highest C3H6 permeability of 837 Barrer but a lower selectivity of 9.12. In addition, the results of pressure-dependent permeation tests indicates that the Zn2+ ion treated membrane has better plasticization resistance than other membranes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-44
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.


  • Free volume
  • Hydrolysis
  • Metal ion
  • Olefin/paraffin separation
  • PIM-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation


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