Metal-Guided Selective Growth of 2D Materials: Demonstration of a Bottom-Up CMOS Inverter

Ming Hui Chiu, Hao Ling Tang, Chien Chih Tseng, Yimo Han, Areej Aljarb, Jing Kai Huang, Yi Wan, Jui Han Fu, Xixiang Zhang, Wen Hao Chang, David A. Muller, Taishi Takenobu, Vincent Tung*, Lain Jong Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


2D transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) layered materials are promising for future electronic and optoelectronic applications. The realization of large-area electronics and circuits strongly relies on wafer-scale, selective growth of quality 2D TMDs. Here, a scalable method, namely, metal-guided selective growth (MGSG), is reported. The success of control over the transition-metal-precursor vapor pressure, the first concurrent growth of two dissimilar monolayer TMDs, is demonstrated in conjunction with lateral or vertical TMD heterojunctions at precisely desired locations over the entire wafer in a single chemical vapor deposition (VCD) process. Owing to the location selectivity, MGSG allows the growth of p- and n-type TMDs with spatial homogeneity and uniform electrical performance for circuit applications. As a demonstration, the first bottom-up complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor inverter based on p-type WSe 2 and n-type MoSe 2 is achieved, which exhibits a high and reproducible voltage gain of 23 with little dependence on position.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1900861
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number18
StatePublished - May 3 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim


  • 2D materials
  • chemical vapor deposition
  • heterojunctions
  • molybdenum diselenide
  • selective growth
  • transition metal dichalcogenides
  • tungsten diselenide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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