Mechanical growth and morphogenesis of seashells

D.E. Moulton, A. Goriely, R. Chirat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Seashells grow through the local deposition of mass along the aperture. Many mathematical descriptions of the shapes of shells have been provided over the years, and the basic logarithmic coiling seen in mollusks can be simulated with few parameters. However, the developmental mechanisms underlying shell coiling are largely not understood and the ubiquitous presence of ornamentation such as ribs, tubercles, or spines presents yet another level of difficulty. Here we develop a general model for shell growth based entirely on the local geometry and mechanics of the aperture and mantle. This local description enables us to efficiently describe both arbitrary growth velocities and the evolution of the shell aperture itself. We demonstrate how most shells can be simulated within this framework. We then turn to the mechanics underlying the shell morphogenesis, and develop models for the evolution of the aperture. We demonstrate that the elastic response of the mantle during shell deposition provides a natural mechanism for the formation of three-dimensional ornamentation in shells. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-79
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Theoretical Biology
StatePublished - Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KUK-C1-013-04
Acknowledgements: This publication is based on work supported by Award No. KUK-C1-013-04, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) (DEM and AG), and based in part upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under grant DMS-0907773 (AG). AG is a Wolfson Royal Society Merit Holder and acknowledges support from a Reintegration Grant under EC Framework VII.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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