Management Strategies for Soil Used for Cultivation, Including Modulation of the Soil Microbiome

Alexandre Soares Rosado, Paolo Nannipieri, Jan Dirk Van Elsas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Management strategies that promote the return to the soil of plant residues, where possible minimizing mechanical preparation, have been recommended. This chapter aims to evaluate the developments, including how one can take profit of the emerging new “precision” soil management approaches in order to foster the sustainability of land use. Different types of land management and cultivation intensities exert significantly different influences on the dominant bacteria and fungi in soil. Soil microbiomes are essential for the quality of agroecosystems, as they drive the belowground processes that support crop development. The aforementioned rapid developments in robotics, visualization, and artificial intelligence hold great promise for precision farming. To enable the linking of microbiome activity assessments to soil management practices, biosensors can be of great help. Biosensors based on whole bacterial cells have been traditionally developed to assess pollutant bioavailability in soil. The modulation of soil microbiomes constitutes a promising approach to be further explored for biotechnology purposes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationModern Soil Microbiology, Third Edition
PublisherCRC Press
Pages421-430
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780429607929
ISBN (Print)9781498763530
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General Environmental Science
  • General Immunology and Microbiology

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