Epitaxial γ′-Fe4N films with different thicknesses were fabricated on Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)0.7Ti0.3O3 (PMN-PT) substrates by facing-target reactive sputtering. The magnetoelectric coupling (MEC) in the samples was systematically investigated. Firstly, the magnetization along different in-plane directions is tunable by the electric field. It was found that MEC in the films on PMN-PT(011) is stronger than that on PMN-PT(001) due to the different in-plane magnetic anisotropy. Moreover, the magnetoelectric coupling is strongly related to the γ′-Fe4N film thickness, which can be ascribed to the competition between the strain and spin-dependent screening effect induced MEC. Additionally, the electric-field tailored remanent magnetization of the samples gradually increases with temperature due to the thermal agitation. Besides, the electric-field effect on the out-of-plane magnetic hysteresis loops is consistent with the in-plane cases. The results are of benefit to the development of the electric-field controlled spintronic devices.
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC) (No. 51871161) and the Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility (1W1A, China) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)