Macromolecular architectures by living and controlled/living polymerizations

Nikos Hadjichristidis*, Hermis Iatrou, Marinos Pitsikalis, Jimmy Mays

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

577 Scopus citations


The discovery of living anionic polymerization by Szwarc 50 years ago opened the way to the synthesis of model polymers. This ground-breaking discovery inspired many researchers to develop controlled/living routes for a plethora of monomers including those not compatible with anionic polymerization. These methods and their combinations serve as an arsenal for the synthesis of well-defined polymeric materials with predetermined properties and a rich variety of applications. A few representative examples of living and controlled/living methodologies for the synthesis of polymers with different macromolecular architectures are presented in this review.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1068-1132
Number of pages65
JournalProgress in Polymer Science (Oxford)
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Controlled polymerization
  • Living polymerization
  • Macromolecular architecture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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