Lead halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have advanced rapidly in performance over the past decade. Single-crystal PSCs based on micrometers-thick grain-boundary-free films with long charge carrier diffusion lengths and enhanced light absorption (relative to polycrystalline films) have recently emerged as candidates for advancing PSCs further toward their theoretical limit. To date, the preferred method to grow MAPbI3 single-crystal films for PSCs involves solution processing at temperatures ≳120 °C, which adversely affects the films’ crystalline quality, especially at the surface, primarily because of methylammonium iodide loss at such high temperatures. Here we devise a solvent-engineering approach to reduce the crystallization temperature of MAPbI3 single-crystal films (
KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: The authors acknowledge funding support from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) and Saudi Aramco. The authors thank Prof. Edward H. Sargent for useful discussions and suggestions.