Loss-of-Function Mutations in LGI4, a Secreted Ligand Involved in Schwann Cell Myelination, Are Responsible for Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita

Shifeng Xue, Jérôme Maluenda, Florent Marguet, Mohammad Shboul, Loïc Quevarec, Carine Bonnard, Alvin Yu Jin Ng, Sumanty Tohari, Thong Teck Tan, Mung Kei Kong, Kristin G. Monaghan, Megan T. Cho, Carly E. Siskind, Jacinda B. Sampson, Carolina Tesi Rocha, Fawaz Alkazaleh, Marie Gonzales, Luc Rigonnot, Sandra Whalen, Marta GutIvo Gut, Martine Bucourt, Byrappa Venkatesh, Annie Laquerrière, Bruno Reversade, Judith Melki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is a developmental condition characterized by multiple joint contractures resulting from reduced or absent fetal movements. Through genetic mapping of disease loci and whole-exome sequencing in four unrelated multiplex families presenting with severe AMC, we identified biallelic loss-of-function mutations in LGI4 (leucine-rich glioma-inactivated 4). LGI4 is a ligand secreted by Schwann cells that regulates peripheral nerve myelination via its cognate receptor ADAM22 expressed by neurons. Immunolabeling experiments and transmission electron microscopy of the sciatic nerve from one of the affected individuals revealed a lack of myelin. Functional tests using affected individual-derived iPSCs showed that these germline mutations caused aberrant splicing of the endogenous LGI4 transcript and in a cell-based assay impaired the secretion of truncated LGI4 protein. This is consistent with previous studies reporting arthrogryposis in Lgi4-deficient mice due to peripheral hypomyelination. This study adds to the recent reports implicating defective axoglial function as a key cause of AMC.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)659-665
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Volume100
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 6 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-02-15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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