Localization Coverage Analysis of THz Communication Systems with a 3D Array

Pinjun Zheng, Tarig Ballal, Hui Chen, Henk Wymeersch, Tareq Y. Al-Naffouri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


This paper considers the problem of estimating the position and orientation of a user equipped with a three-dimensional (3D) array receiving downlink far-field THz signals from multiple base stations with known positions and orientations. We derive the Cramér-Rao Bound for the localization problem and define the coverage of the considered system. We compare the error lower bound distributions of the conventional planar array and the 3D array configurations at different user equipment (UE) positions and orientations. Our numerical results obtained for array configurations with an equal number of elements show very limited coverage of the planar-array configuration, especially across the UE orientation range. Conversely, a 3D array configuration offers an overall higher coverage with minor performance loss in certain UE positions and orientations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2022 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2022 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781665435406
StatePublished - 2022
Event2022 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2022 - Virtual, Online, Brazil
Duration: Dec 4 2022Dec 8 2022

Publication series

Name2022 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2022 - Proceedings


Conference2022 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2022
CityVirtual, Online

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
ACKNOWLEDGMENT This publication is based upon work supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) under Award No. ORA-CRG2021-4695, and by the European Commission through the H2020 project Hexa-X (Grant Agreement No. 101015956).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 IEEE.


  • 3D array
  • constrained CRB
  • coverage
  • localization
  • THz communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Signal Processing
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality


Dive into the research topics of 'Localization Coverage Analysis of THz Communication Systems with a 3D Array'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this