Leaching in Specific Facets of ZIF-67 and ZIF-L Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks During the CO2 Cycloaddition with Epichlorohydrin

Jose J. Delgado-Marín, Alejandra Rendón-Patiño, Vijay Kumar Velisoju, Gadde Sathish Kumar, Naydu Zambrano, Magnus Rueping, Jorge Gascón, Pedro Castaño, Javier Narciso, Enrique V. Ramos-Fernandez*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs) have been profusely used as catalysts for inserting CO2 into organic epoxides (i.e., epichlorohydrin) through cycloaddition. Here, we demonstrate that these materials suffer from irreversible degradation by leaching. To prove this, we performed the reactions and analyzed the final reaction mixtures by elemental analysis and the resulting materials by different microscopies. We found that the difference in catalytic activity between three ZIF-67 and one ZIF-L catalysts was related to the rate at which the materials degraded. Particularly, the {100} facet leaches faster than the others, regardless of the material used. The catalytic activity strongly depended on the amount of leached elements in the liquid phase since these species are extremely active. Our work points to the instability of these materials under relevant reaction conditions and the necessity of additional treatments to improve their stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)692-699
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 24 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge financial support by Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (PID2020-116998RB-I00), Ministerio de Educación y Formación Profesional (PRX21/00407), Conselleria de Innovacion, Universidades, Ciencia y Sociedad Digital (CIPROM/2021/022 and MFA/2022/057), and the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). This study forms part of the Advanced Materials Program and was supported by MCIN with funding from European Union NextGenerationEU (PRTR-C17.I1) and by Generalitat Valenciana

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 American Chemical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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