Lattice-matched III-nitride structures comprising BAlN, BGaN, and AlGaN for ultraviolet applications

Feras S. AlQatari, Muhammad Sajjad, Ronghui Lin, Kuanghui Li, Udo Schwingenschlögl, Xiaohang Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The optical properties of BAlN, BGaN and AlGaN ternary alloys are investigated using hybrid density functional for the design of lattice-matched optical structures in the ultraviolet spectrum. The calculated AlGaN properties agree well with previous reports, validating the model. A peculiar non-monotonic behavior of the refractive index as a function of the boron composition is found. The results of this calculation are interpolated to generate a three-dimensional dataset, which can be employed for designing a countless number of lattice-matched and –mismatched heterostructures. These heterostructures could span a range of operating wavelength well into the deep ultraviolet with refractive indices ranging from 1.98 to 2.41 for AlN at 0 eV and GaN near the GaN bandgap, respectively. An example is shown where a lattice-matched heterostructure, AlN/B0.108Ga0.892N, is applied for DBR applications with a large index difference. A DBR comprising the AlN/B0.108Ga0.892N heterostructure at the UV wavelength of 375 nm is found to exceed 93% peak reflectivity with only 10 pairs and reaches 100% reflectivity with 35 pairs. For a chosen design with 25 pairs, the DBR has a peak reflectivity of 99.8% and a bandwidth of 26 nm fulfilling the requirements of most devices especially ultraviolet vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)086202
JournalMaterials Research Express
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 18 2021

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-11-24
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): BAS/1/1664-01-01, REP/1/3189-01-01, URF/1/3437-01-01, URF/1/3771-01-01
Acknowledgements: The authors acknowledge support of KAUST Baseline Fund BAS/1/1664-01-01, Competitive Research Grants URF/1/3437-01-01 and
URF/1/3771-01-01, and GCC Research Council REP/1/3189-01-01.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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