Laser-based visible light communications and underwater wireless optical communications: a device perspective

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

18 Scopus citations


High-speed visible light communications (VLC) has been identified at an essential part of communication technology for 5G network. VLC offers the unique advantages of unregulated and secure channels, free of EM interference. Compared with the LED-based VLC transmitter, laser-based photonic systems are promising for compact, droop-free, and high-speed white lighting and VLC applications, ideal for ultra-fast 5G network and beyond. Besides the potential for achieving high data rate free-space communication links, i.e. the Li-Fi network, laser-based VLC technology can also enable underwater wireless optical communications (UWOC) for many important applications. In this paper, the recent research progress and highlights in the fields of laser-based VLC and UWOC have been reviewed with a focused discussion on the performance of various light sources, including the modulation characteristics of GaNbased edge emitting laser diodes (EELDs), superluminescent diodes (SLDs) and vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs). Apart from the utilization of discrete components for building transceiver in VLC systems, the development of III-nitride laser-based photonic integration has been featured. Such on-chip integration offers many advantages, including having a small-footprint, high-speed, and low power consumption. Finally, we discuss the considerations of wavelength selection for various VLC and UWOC applications. Comparison of infrared (IR) and visible lasers for channels with high turbulence and the study of ultraviolet (UV) and visible lasers for non-line-of-sight (NLOS) communications are presented.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNovel In-Plane Semiconductor Lasers XVIII
PublisherSPIE-Intl Soc Optical Eng
ISBN (Print)9781510625204
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): BAS/1/1614-01-01, KCR/1/2081-01-01, GEN/1/6607-01-01
Acknowledgements: The authors acknowledge the financial support from King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) Grant No. KACST TIC R2-FP-008, and KACST-KAUST-UCSB Solid-State Lighting Program. This publication is based on work supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) (baseline funding, BAS/1/1614-01-01, KAUST funding KCR/1/2081-01-01, and GEN/1/6607-01-01).


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