Large magnetic entropy change in TbAl2 (Tb0.4Gd0.6)Al2

F. W. Wang*, X. X. Zhang, F. X. Hu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Scopus citations


Rare-earth intermetallic compounds (Tb1-xGdx)Al2, have been successfully fabricated and characterized. Large magnetic entropy change, ΔSM, was observed in these alloys. The maximum - ΔSM( = 14.3 J/kg K) is achieved in the TbAl2 alloy at its Curie temperature, TC = 105 K, with a 5 T magnetic field change. It is shown that the alloys are very soft magnetic alloys. The magnetic entropy change is thus completely reversible in the whole temperature range of 80-180 K. An interesting feature in (Tb1-xGdx)Al2 compounds is that the Curie temperature can be easily shifted by tuning the composition. These alloys, therefore, appear to be an attractive material candidate for realizing the active magnetic regenerator magnetic refrigerator consisting of eight stages, as suggested by K. A. Gschneidner, Jr. and V. K. Percharsky. [Rare Earth: Science, Technology, and Applications III, edited by R. G. Bautista, C. O. Bounds, T. W. Ellis, and B. T. Kilbourn (The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, 1997), p. 209.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1360-1362
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number9
StatePublished - Aug 28 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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