Lamellar porous vermiculite membranes for boosting nanofluidic osmotic energy conversion

Li Cao, Hong Wu, Chunyang Fan, Zhiming Zhang, Benbing Shi, Pengfei Yang, Ming Qiu, Niaz Ali Khan, Zhongyi Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Lamellar membranes with two-dimensional nanofluidic channels hold great promise in harvesting osmotic energy from salinity gradients. However, the power density is often limited by the high transmembrane resistance primarily caused by the tortuous interlayer ion diffusion pathway. Here, we demonstrate the great potential of lamellar porous vermiculite membranes (PVMs) as efficient nanofluidic osmotic energy generators. The artificial in-plane nanopores on vermiculite nanosheets dramatically decrease the tortuosity and offer additional vertical ion pathways, substantially elevating the transmembrane ion flux. Meanwhile, the confined interlayer spacing serves as the selective barrier, contributing to a high ion selectivity. When operating under a 1000-fold salinity gradient, the PVMs achieve a 16-fold increase in output power density compared with nonporous vermiculite membranes, with a maximum value of 10.9 W m−2that outperforms those of most of the state-of-the-art 2D lamellar membranes.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14576-14581
Number of pages6
Issue number25
StatePublished - Jul 7 2021
Externally publishedYes

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Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-21


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