(La, Pr)0.8Sr0.2FeO3-δ-Sm 0.2Ce0.8O2-δ composite cathode for proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells

Yonghong Chen, Qingwen Gu, Dong Tian, Yanzhi Ding, Xiaoyong Lu, Weili Yu, Tayirjan T. Isimjan, Lin Bin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Mixed rare-earth (La, Pr)0.8Sr0.2FeO 3-δ-Sm0.2Ce0.8O2-δ (LPSF-SDC) composite cathode was investigated for proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells based on protonic BaZr0.1Ce0.7Y 0.2O3-δ (BZCY) electrolyte. The powders of La 0.8-xPrxSr0.2FeO3-δ (x = 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6), Sm0.2Ce0.8O2-δ (SDC) and BaZr0.1Ce0.7Y0.2O3-δ (BZCY) were synthesized by a citric acid-nitrates self-propagating combustion method. The XRD results indicate that La0.8-xPrxSr 0.2FeO3-δ samples calcined at 950 °C exhibit perovskite structure and there are no interactions between LPSF0.2 and SDC at 1100 °C. The average thermal expansion coefficient (TEC) of LPSF0.2-SDC, BZCY and NiO-BZCY is 12.50 × 10-6 K-1, 13.51 × 10-6 K-1 and 13.47 × 10-6 K -1, respectively, which can provide good thermal compatibility between electrodes and electrolyte. An anode-supported single cell of NiO-BZCY|BZCY|LPSF0.2-SDC was successfully fabricated and operated from 700 °C to 550 °C with humidified hydrogen (∼3% H2O) as fuel and the static air as oxidant. A high maximum power density of 488 mW cm -2, an open-circuit potential of 0.95 V, and a low electrode polarization resistance of 0.071 Ω cm2 were achieved at 700 °C. Preliminary results demonstrate that LPSF0.2-SDC composite is a promising cathode material for proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells. © 2014, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13665-13670
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number25
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: The authors would like to thank the financial support from Chinese Natural Science Foundation on contract Grant (No. 51102107 and No. 51202080), Anhui Science and Technology Project (No. 1206c0805038) and Huainan Science and Technology Project (No. 2010A03203).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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