Krill excretion boosts microbial activity in the Southern Ocean

Javier Ariśtegui, Carlos M. Duarte, Isabel Reche, Juan L. Gómez-Pinchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Antarctic krill are known to release large amounts of inorganic and organic nutrients to the water column. Here we test the role of krill excretion of dissolved products in stimulating heterotrophic bacteria on the basis of three experiments where ammonium and organic excretory products released by krill were added to bacterial assemblages, free of grazers. Our results demonstrate that the addition of krill excretion products (but not of ammonium alone), at levels expected in krill swarms, greatly stimulates bacteria resulting in an order-of-magnitude increase in growth and production. Furthermore, they suggest that bacterial growth rate in the Southern Ocean is suppressed well below their potential by resource limitation. Enhanced bacterial activity in the presence of krill, which are major sources of DOC in the Southern Ocean, would further increase recycling processes associated with krill activity, resulting in highly efficient krill-bacterial recycling that should be conducive to stimulating periods of high primary productivity in the Southern Ocean.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere89391
JournalPloS one
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 19 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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