Joint Scheduling and Power Adaptation in NOMA-Based Fog-Radio Access Networks

Itsikiantsoa Randrianantenaina, Megumi Kaneko, Hayssam Dahrouj, Hesham ElSawy, Mohamed-Slim Alouini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations


Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) is a promising technology for 5G that enables each resource unit to simultaneously serve multiple users. This work evaluates the potential benefit of joint scheduling and power adaptation in NOMA- based downlink in Fog-Radio Access Networks (FRAN). We consider the downlink of a FRAN, where the Fog Access Points (FAPs) are connected to central cloud baseband units (BBUs) through capacity-constrained fronthaul links. The FAPs adopt a two-user NOMA scheme, within each resource block (RB), to serve a common set of users. The paper formulates an optimization problem which maximizes a network-wide {rate-based utility} function subject to fronthaul- capacity constraints, so as to determine both the user- to-FAP assignment and the power levels of the users served by each FAP. The main contribution of the paper is solving this mixed-integer non-convex optimization problem using a two- step centralized-distributed approach, which is aligned with FRAN operation that {aims to} %relies on partially shifting the network control to the FAPs so as to overcome delays due to fronthaul rate constraints. The assignment step is first solved at the centralized BBU pool by reformulating the problem such that the Hungarian algorithm is applicable. The power {adaptation} is then solved at every FAP using a barrier method. Simulation results show that the proposed NOMA-based algorithm outperforms conventional Orthogonal Multiple Access (OMA) algorithms, even with stringent fronthaul limitations. The proposed algorithm further shows an appreciable {performance trade-off} between the rate and fairness metrics.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2018 IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM)
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
ISBN (Print)9781538647271
StatePublished - Feb 21 2019

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: This work is supported by the Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (Kakenhi) no. 17K06453 from the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports, and Culture of Japan, and by the NII MoU grants. This work is also funded in part by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). Hayssam Dahrouj would like to thank Effat University in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, for funding the research reported in this paper through the Research and Consultancy Institute.


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