Jet-stirred reactor and flame studies of propanal oxidation

P. S. Veloo*, P. Dagaut, C. Togbe, G. Dayma, S. M. Sarathy, C. K. Westbrook, F. N. Egolfopoulos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


There is a strong drive towards utilizing oxygenated biofuels in blends with existing fossil fuels. Improving the kinetic modeling of the oxidation of these bio-derived oxygenates requires further investigation of their key stable intermediates such as the aldehydes. In this study, an experimental and chemical kinetic modeling investigation of propanal oxidation was carried out. Experiments were conducted in a jet stirred reactor and in counterflow flames over a wide range of equivalence ratios, temperatures, and ambient pressures. Stable species concentration profiles were measured in the jet stirred reactor and laminar flame speeds were measured. A detailed chemical kinetic reaction model was validated using the present experimental results and existing literature data. The model was used also to provide insight into the controlling reaction pathways for propanal oxidation in both the low- and high-temperature kinetic regimes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)599-606
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2013

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The work at CNRS was supported by the ERC Advanced Researcher Grant No. 291049-2G-Csafe . The work at LLNL was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344. The work performed at USC was supported as part of the CEFRC, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Award Number DE-SC0001198. Discussions with Drs. Pascal Diévart and David A. Sheen are greatly appreciated.


  • Flame propagation
  • Jet-stirred reactor
  • Kinetics
  • Modeling
  • Propanal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Jet-stirred reactor and flame studies of propanal oxidation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this