Charge redistribution in high-Tc superconductors due to structural defects or interfaces is known to be crucial for electronic applications as the band structure is modified on a local scale. In order to investigate these effects in more detail, we address the normal-state properties of YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO) in the vicinity of YBCO-metal interfaces by electronic structure calculations for well relaxed interface configurations. Our findings can be interpreted in terms of a band-bending mechanism complemented by local screening effects. We derive quantitative results for the intrinsic doping of the superconducting CuO 2 planes due to the metal interface. In particular, the net charge transfer amounts to 0.13 electrons in favour of each intraplane copper site, which appears to be a typical value for interfaces of high-Tc superconductors, thus opening great possibilities for a systematic optimization of wires and tapes from high-Tc materials.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)