Interpretation of bender element tests

J. C. Santamarina, M. A. Fam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Bender elements have surfaced as versatile transducers for low-strain testing of soils in a variety of cells and load conditions. However, lack of guidelines leads to different implementations among laboratories. The authors present an interesting evaluation of effective length and travel time determination. The purpose of this discussion is to contribute complementary information, summarizing our experience with bender elements in various short-term and long-term tests (a typical installation and examples of application are described in Fam and Santamarina (1995).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)873-877
Number of pages5
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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