Interference Mitigation via Rate-Splitting and Common Message Decoding in Cloud Radio Access Networks

Alaa Alameer Ahmad, Hayssam Dahrouj, Anas Chaaban, Aydin Sezgin, Mohamed-Slim Alouini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


Cloud-radio access networks (C-RAN) help overcoming the scarcity of radio resources by enabling dense deployment of base-stations (BSs), and connecting them to a central-processor (CP). This paper considers the downlink of a C-RAN, where the cloud is connected to the BSs via limited-capacity backhaul links. We propose and optimize a C-RAN transmission scheme that combines rate splitting, common message decoding, beamforming vectors design and clustering. To this end, the paper optimizes a transmission scheme that combines rate splitting (RS), common message decoding (CMD), clustering and coordinated beamforming. In this work we focus on maximizing the weighted sum-rate subject to per-BS backhaul capacity and transmit power constraints, so as to jointly determine the RS-CMD mode of transmission, the cluster of BSs serving private and common messages of each user, and the associated beamforming vectors of each user private and common messages. The paper proposes solving such a complicated non-convex optimization problem using l0-norm relaxation techniques, followed by inner-convex approximations (ICA), so as to achieve stationary solutions to the relaxed non-convex problem. Numerical results show that the proposed method provides significant performance gain as compared to conventional interference mitigation techniques in C-RAN which simply treat interference as noise (TIN).
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80350-80365
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: This work was supported in part by the German Research Foundation, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), Germany, through the ATINA Project under Grant SE1697/19-1.


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