Intensive rearing of Atlantic cod larvae (Gadus morhua) was investigated in a conventional recirculating aquaculture system (cRAS) and a membrane modified RAS (mRAS). Cod larvae are sensitive to water quality, and beneficial effects on growth and survival from enhanced removal of colloidal particles, fine suspended solids and nutrient reduction were expected. Membrane bioreactors (MBR) are a potential technology for advanced water treatment in aquaculture. The aim of this project was to assess the effect of an MBR system for enhanced treatment in RAS. A cRAS and mRAS treatment train were operated in parallel. In the mRAS Scheme 8.5% of the recycle stream was filtered through the membrane at any time. The mRAS scheme demonstrated a significantly lower turbidity and number of colloidal particles as compared to the cRAS scheme, as well as significantly lower bacteria concentrations and more stability. Overall a 13% higher cod larvae growth (weight, %) at 40. dph and 3.5% higher survival rate at 50. dph was measured in the mRAS scheme. Results show there is a great potential of implementing a membrane filtration system in aquaculture recycling systems.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was financed by RFF-MIDT , Norway (project no. 209048). The pilot plant setup and studies were conducted at the NTNU Centre for Fisheries and Aquaculture (Sealab), Brattørkaia, Trondheim, Norway. The authors like to thank Kari Attramadal (NTNU) for excellent help and discussions during the experiments, and for many useful discussions about microbial control, Morten O. Alver (Sintef) for all technical help with the automatic feeding system, and Keshuai Li for rotifer cultivation.
- Cod larvae
- Colloidal particles
- Membrane filtration
- Recirculating aquaculture system
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Aquatic Science