Inorganic Inclusion Chemistry: A Novel Anion Inclusion System

Wei Xu, Jadagese J. Vittal, Richard J. Puddephatt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations


A bowl-shaped calixresorcinarene, 1, has been derivatized to incorporate four phosphonite units to give a phosphonitocavitand, 2, which can act as a tetradentate ligand. Thus, 2 has been used in the synthesis of several tetracopper(I) and tetrasilver(I) complexes, such as [PyH]+[2·Cu4(μ-Cl)43-Cl)] (4) and [PyH]+[2·Ag4(μ-Cl)44-Cl)] (5). The tetracopper(I) complex, 4, and tetrasilver(I) complex, 5, have been shown to act as size-selective hosts for halide inclusion. Iodide is preferred over chloride as guest in 4 since it is large enough to coordinate to all four copper atoms in an unusual μ4-face-bridging bonding mode. The anion inclusions found for the transition metal rimmed bowl complexes are unique in supramolecular chemistry. The anion occluded complex 5a can act as a nucleophile to convert RI to RC1; the reaction occurs in high yield, follows the reactivity sequence t-BuI > i-PrI > MeI, and occurs with predominant retention of stereochemistry in the reaction of (S)-(+)-2-iodooctane. The overall reaction leads to the favorable replacement of the occluded μ3-Cl ligand in 5a by μ4-I.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8362-8371
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number32
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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