Inkjet-printed Ti3C2Tx MXene electrodes for multimodal cutaneous biosensing

Abdulelah Saleh, Shofarul Wustoni, Eloise Bihar, Jehad K. El-Demellawi, Yizhou Zhang, Adel Hama, Victor Druet, Arief Yudhanto, Gilles Lubineau, Husam N. Alshareef, Sahika Inal*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Among the existing two-dimensional materials, MXenes, i.e. transition metal carbides, nitrides and/or carbonitrides, stand out for their excellent electrochemical properties. Due to their high charge storage capacity, metal-like conductivity, biocompatibility as well as hydrophilicity, Ti3C2Tx MXene-based inks hold great potential for scalable production of skin conformable electronics via direct printing methods. Herein, we develop an aqueous MXene ink and inkjet-print MXene films on freestanding, flexible, and conducting polymer-based substrates. These skin-adherent MXene electrodes detect electrocardiography signals with high signal-to-noise ratio while exhibiting preserved electrical performance after 1000 cycles of bending with a 50 d long shelf life in ambient conditions. We show that printed MXene films can be further functionalized to perform as multifunctional biosensing units. When integrated with a sodium (Na+) ion selective membrane, MXene electrodes detect Na+ in artificial sweat with a sensitivity of 40 mV per decade. When the films are functionalized with antibodies, they generate an electrical signal in response to a pro-inflammatory cytokine protein (interferon gamma) with a sensitivity of 3.9 mV per decade. Our findings demonstrate how inkjet-printed MXene films simplify the fabrication of next-generation wearable electronic platforms that comprise multimodal sensors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number044004
JournalJPhys Materials
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd


  • Electrocardiogram
  • Immunosensors
  • Inkjet printing
  • Ion sensors
  • MXene
  • Skin electronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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