Inkjet-printed Ti3C2Tx MXene electrodes for multimodal cutaneous biosensing

Abdulelah Saleh, Shofarul Wustoni, Eloise Bihar, Jehad K. El Demellawi, Yizhou Zhang, Adel Hama, Victor Druet, Arief Yudhanto, Gilles Lubineau, Husam N. Alshareef, Sahika Inal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Among the existing 2D materials, MXenes, i.e., transition metal carbides, nitrides and/or carbonitrides, stand out for their excellent electrochemical properties. On account of their high charge storage capacity, metal-like conductivity, biocompatibility as well as hydrophilicity, Ti3C2Tx MXene-based inks hold great potential for scalable production of skin conformable electronics via direct printing methods. Herein, we develop an aqueous MXene ink and inkjet-print MXene films on freestanding, flexible conducting polymer-based substrates. These skin-adherent MXene electrodes detect electrocardiography signals with high signal-to-noise ratio while exhibiting preserved electrical performance after 1000 cycles of bending with a 50 day-long shelf life in ambient conditions. We show that printed MXene films can further be functionalized to perform as multifunctional biosensing units. When integrated with a sodium (Na+) ion-selective membrane, MXene electrodes detect Na+ in artificial sweat with a sensitivity of 40 mV per decade. When the films are functionalized with antibodies, they generate an electrical signal in response to a pro-inflammatory cytokine protein (interferon gamma) with a sensitivity of 3.9 mV per decade. Our findings demonstrate how inkjet-printed MXene films simplify the fabrication of next-generation wearable electronic platforms that comprise multimodal sensors.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Physics: Materials
StatePublished - Aug 28 2020


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