Inkjet printed Cu(In,Ga)S2 nanoparticles for low-cost solar cells

Jeremy Barbe, Jessica Eid, Erik Ahlswede, Stefanie Spiering, Michael Powalla, Rakesh Agrawal, Silvano Del Gobbo

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Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGSe) thin film solar cells were fabricated by direct inkjet printing of Cu(In,Ga)S2 (CIGS) nanoparticles followed by rapid thermal annealing under selenium vapor. Inkjet printing is a low-cost, low-waste, and flexible patterning method which can be used for deposition of solution-based or nanoparticle-based CIGS films with high throughput. XRD and Raman spectra indicate that no secondary phase is formed in the as-deposited CIGS film since quaternary chalcopyrite nanoparticles are used as the base solution for printing. Besides, CIGSe films with various Cu/(In + Ga) ratios could be obtained by finely tuning the composition of CIGS nanoparticles contained in the ink, which was found to strongly influence the devices performance and film morphology. To date, this is the first successful fabrication of a solar device by inkjet printing of CIGS nanoparticles.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 13 2016

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