Infrared Organic Photodetectors Employing Ultralow Bandgap Polymer and Non-Fullerene Acceptors for Biometric Monitoring

Polina Jacoutot, Alberto D. Scaccabarozzi, Tianyi Zhang, Zhuoran Qiao, Filip Aniés, Marios Neophytou, Helen Bristow, Rhea Kumar, Maximilian Moser, Alkmini D. Nega, Andriana Schiza, Antonia Dimitrakopoulou-Strauss, Vasilis G. Gregoriou, Thomas D. Anthopoulos, Martin Heeney, Iain McCulloch, Artem A. Bakulin, Christos L. Chochos, Nicola Gasparini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent efforts in the field of organic photodetectors (OPD) have been focused on extending broadband detection into the near-infrared (NIR) region. Here, two blends of an ultralow bandgap push-pull polymer TQ-T combined with state-of-the-art non-fullerene acceptors, IEICO-4F and Y6, are compared to obtain OPDs for sensing in the NIR beyond 1100 nm, which is the cut off for benchmark Si photodiodes. It is observed that the TQ-T:IEICO-4F device has a superior IR responsivity (0.03 AW-1 at 1200 nm and -2 V bias) and can detect infrared light up to 1800 nm, while the TQ-T:Y6 blend shows a lower responsivity of 0.01 AW-1 . Device physics analyses are tied with spectroscopic and morphological studies to link the superior performance of TQ-T:IEICO-4F OPD to its faster charge separation as well as more favorable donor-acceptor domains mixing. In the polymer blend with Y6, the formation of large agglomerates that exceed the exciton diffusion length, which leads to high charge recombination, is observed. An application of these devices as biometric sensors for real-time heart rate monitoring via photoplethysmography, utilizing infrared light, is demonstrated.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2200580
JournalSmall
Volume18
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 4 2022

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2023-01-09
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): OSR-2018-CRG7-3749, OSR-2019-CRG8-4086
Acknowledgements: A.A.B and P.J. would like to thank the Royal Society for financial support. M.N, H.B, M.M., and I.M. acknowledge financial support from KAUST, including Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) awards no. OSR-2019-CRG8-4086 and OSR-2018-CRG7-3749. The authors acknowledge funding from ERC Synergy Grant SC2 (610115), the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement n°952911, project BOOSTER and grant agreement n°862474, project RoLA-FLEX, as well as EPSRC Project EP/T026219/1. The authors A.D.S and T.D.A would like to thank the ALBA synchrotron and staff for their help with the GIWAXS measurements. The authors acknowledge the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) for financial support.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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