Influence of mixture quality on homogeneous charge compression ignition

Magnus Christensen*, Bengt Johansson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

125 Scopus citations


The major advantages with Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition, HCCI, is high efficiency in combination with low NOx-emissions. The major drawback with HCCI is the problem to control the ignition timing over a wide load and speed range. Other drawbacks are the limitation in attainable IMEP and relativly high emissions of unburned hydrocarbons. But the use of Exhaust Gas Recycling (EGR) instead of only air, slows down the rate of combustion and makes it possible to use lower air/fuel ratio, which increases the attainable upper load limit. The influence of mixture quality was therefore experimentally investigated. The effects of different EGR rates, air/fuel ratios and inlet mixture temperatures were studied. The compression ratio was set to 18:1. The fuels used were iso-octane, ethanol and commercially available natural gas. The engine was operated naturally aspirated mode for all tests. Stable operation could be achieved with ethanol at about 5 bar of IMEP with a gross indicated efficiency close to 50 %. Stable operation of the engine was achieved with over 60 % EGR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998
EventInternational Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Oct 19 1998Oct 22 1998


OtherInternational Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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