Increased Optoelectronic Quality and Uniformity of Hydrogenated p-InP Thin Films

Hsin-Ping Wang, Carolin M. Sutter-Fella, Peter Lobaccaro, Mark Hettick, Maxwell Zheng, Der-Hsien Lien, D. Westley Miller, Charles W. Warren, Ellis T Roe, Mark C Lonergan, Harvey L. Guthrey, Nancy M. Haegel, Joel W. Ager, Carlo Carraro, Roya Maboudian, Jr-Hau He, Ali Javey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The thin-film vapor-liquid-solid (TF-VLS) growth technique presents a promising route for high quality, scalable and cost-effective InP thin films for optoelectronic devices. Towards this goal, careful optimization of material properties and device performance is of utmost interest. Here, we show that exposure of polycrystalline Zn-doped TF-VLS InP to a hydrogen plasma (in the following referred to as hydrogenation) results in improved optoelectronic quality as well as lateral optoelectronic uniformity. A combination of low temperature photoluminescence and transient photocurrent spectroscopy were used to analyze the energy position and relative density of defect states before and after hydrogenation. Notably, hydrogenation reduces the intra-gap defect density by one order of magnitude. As a metric to monitor lateral optoelectronic uniformity of polycrystalline TF-VLS InP, photoluminescence and electron beam induced current mapping reveal homogenization of the grain versus grain boundary upon hydrogenation. At the device level, we measured more than 260 TF-VLS InP solar cells before and after hydrogenation to verify the improved optoelectronic properties. Hydrogenation increased the average open-circuit voltage (VOC) of individual TF-VLS InP solar cells by up to 130 mV, and reduced the variance in VOC for the analyzed devices.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4602-4607
Number of pages6
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jun 23 2016

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: Materials characterization and growth was supported by the
Electronic Materials Program funded by the Office of Science,
Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department
of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. Device
fabrication was supported by the Department of Energy
through the Bay Area Photovoltaic Consortium under Award
Number DE-EE0004946. J.-H. H. acknowledges KAUST and
National Science Council of Taiwan (NSC 102-2911-I-002-552).
C.M. S.-F. acknowledges financial support from the Swiss
National Science Foundation (P2EZP2_155586).


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