Improving the Long-Term Stability of Perovskite Solar Cells with a Porous Al 2 O 3 Buffer Layer

Simone Guarnera, Antonio Abate, Wei Zhang, Jamie M. Foster, Giles Richardson, Annamaria Petrozza, Henry J. Snaith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

363 Scopus citations


© 2015 American Chemical Society. Hybrid perovskites represent a new paradigm for photovoltaics, which have the potential to overcome the performance limits of current technologies and achieve low cost and high versatility. However, an efficiency drop is often observed within the first few hundred hours of device operation, which could become an important issue. Here, we demonstrate that the electrode's metal migrating through the hole transporting material (HTM) layer and eventually contacting the perovskite is in part responsible for this early device degradation. We show that depositing the HTM within an insulating mesoporous "buffer layer" comprised of Al2O3 nanoparticles prevents the metal electrode migration while allowing for precise control of the HTM thickness. This enables an improvement in the solar cell fill factor and prevents degradation of the device after 350 h of operation. (Graph Presented).
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)432-437
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 20 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KUK-C1-013-04
Acknowledgements: We thank the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) APEX project for financial support and Dr. Ajay Ram Srimath Kandada and Ms. Stefanie Neutzner for useful discussions. J.M.F. and G.R. were part funded by the EPSRC through grant EP/I01702X/. This publication is partially based on work supported by award number KUK-C1-013-04, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), via an OCCAM visiting research fellowship awarded to G.R. The project was partially funded by the European Union Seventh Framework Programme [FP7/2007-2013] under grant agreement 316494 and grant agreement no. 604032 of the MESO project.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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