Implanting CNT Forest onto Carbon Nanosheets as Multifunctional Hosts for High-Performance Lithium Metal Batteries

Changtai Zhao, Zhao Wang, Xinyi Tan, Huawei Huang, Zhongxin Song, Yipeng Sun, Song Cui, Qianbing Wei, Wei Guo, Ruying Li, Chang Yu, Jieshan Qiu, Xueliang Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Lithium (Li) metal anodes are considered an ideal anode for the next-generation Li batteries with high energy density. However, some intrinsic problems, such as Li dendrite growth and tremendous volume change, inhibit their practical applications. Here, an unstacked microstructure is tailored by planting an N-doped carbon nanotube (CNT) forest on the surface of biomass-derived large-aspect-ratio N-doped carbon sheets (CSs) (CS-CNT), which can effectively overcome the easy aggregation properties of CSs. As the host material for Li metal anode, the N-doping and unstacked natures of CS-CNT offer sufficient Li nucleation sites, large surface area, and space for smooth and uniform Li deposition, effectively preventing the formation of dendritic Li. As a result, the cell with this electrode can keep high and stable Coulombic efficiency of 98.8% for over 2000 h, superior to the pure CSs and Cu foil electrodes. Additionally, the symmetric cell exhibits significantly enhanced cycle life up to 1500 h as well as lowered hysteresis. The present study sheds light on the design of unstacked porous carbon materials and offers an opportunity to develop high efficiency Li metal anode.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSmall Methods
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

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Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-21


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