In this paper, we introduced a comparative study of Sm-Tm-substituted Sr-Ba nanohexaferrites (NHFs), Sr0.5Ba0.5TmxSmxFe12-2xO19 with x = 0.00–0.05, manufactured via both citrate sol-gel auto-combustion and ultrasonication approaches. The phase formation of M-type hexaferrite (HF) for both compositions was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) powder pattern, Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra, scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM) micrographs, energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectra, and elemental mappings. The magnetic properties at room temperature (RT) and low temperature (T = 10 K) were also investigated. M-H loops revealed ferrimagnetic nature for various prepared nanohexaferrites via sol-gel and ultrasonication routes. The Ms (saturation magnetization) and Mr (remanence) values increased with increasing Tm-Sm substituting contents. Ms and Mr reached their maximum values at x = 0.04 in the case of samples prepared using the sol-gel technique and at x = 0.03 for those prepared via ultrasonication route. M-H loops were very broad in samples prepared via ultrasonication route in comparison to those produced by means of the sol-gel approach, implying that the products synthesized via ultrasonication route have greater values of coercivity (Hc). The variations in Hc values with respect to Tm-Sm substitutions were governed by the evolutions in the magneto-crystalline anisotropy. Diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS) were employed to estimate the direct band gap of pristine and co-substituted Sr0.5Ba0.5Fe12O19 hexaferrites. Optical energy band gaps (Eg) of pristine samples were significantly tuned by co-substitution of Tm3+ and Sm3+ ions. Eg values of the Sr0.5Ba0.5Fe12O19 sample, which was synthesized using the sol-gel method, decreased almost linearly from 1.75 to 1.45 eV by increasing co-doped ion content. However, we observed a sharp drop from 1.85 eV to an average of 1.50 eV for the samples, which were synthesized using the ultrasonication approach.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Feb 7 2020|
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: The authors highly acknowledged the supports of the Institute for Research & Medical Consultations and the Deanship for Scientific Research of Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU—Saudi Arabia). The technical assistance provided by Core Labs of King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) are highly appreciated.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.