The influence of the recently discovered Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) on the interannual variability of the Indian summer monsoon rainfall (ISMR) has been investigated for the period 1958-1997. The IOD and the El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) have complementarily affected the ISMR during the last four decades. Whenever the ENSO-ISMR correlation is low (high), the IOD-ISMR correlation is high (low). The IOD plays an important role as a modulator of the Indian monsoon rainfall, and influences the correlation between the ISMR and ENSO. We have discovered that the ENSO-induced anomalous circulation over the Indian region is either countered or supported by the IOD-induced anomalous meridional circulation cell, depending upon the phase and amplitude of the two major tropical phenomena in the Indo-Pacific sector.
Bibliographical noteGenerated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-21
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)