Impact of moderate pump–Stokes chirp on femtosecond coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectra

Mingming Gu, Aman Satija, Robert P. Lucht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The effects of inducing moderate chirp in the pump and Stokes beams in chirped-probe-pulse femtosecond coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) spectroscopy are discussed. This is an important issue for measurements in high-pressure systems where the CARS beams must be transmitted through glass of significant thickness to reach the probe volume of interest. The effects were investigated both experimentally, by inserting disks of SF-11 glass into the pump and Stokes beam paths, and theoretically, by incorporating pulse chirp into our time-dependent density matrix (TDDM) simulations. Experimentally, we found that inducing moderate pump and Stokes chirp produced significant spectral narrowing of the nonresonant four-wave mixing contribution to the CARS signal, and this allowed us to control the resonant excitation bandwidth to eliminate interferences from neighboring species. The temperature measurement accuracy and precision were essentially unchanged with respect to the unchirped pump and Stokes case. The effect of moderate pump and Stokes chirp on the narrowing of the Raman excitation efficiency envelope was investigated by solving the full set of TDDM through direct numerical integration. The numerical efficiency of the solutions was enhanced dramatically by developing a parallel version of the TDDM code. The calculated Raman excitation efficiency profile was incorporated in our phenomenological spectral fitting codes.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-124
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Raman Spectroscopy
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 16 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-03-11
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): 1975-01, 1975-01
Acknowledgements: The author would like to thank Dr. Carlo Scalo for his great help on the parallelization of the numerical code. Funding for this research program was provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences (Grant DE-FG02-03ER15391); Basic Energy Sciences fundation (DE-FG02-03ER15391), and by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, CCF subaward (No. 1975-01).
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Spectroscopy
  • General Materials Science


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