Impact of meteorology and energy structure on solvent extractable organic compounds of PM2.5 in Beijing, China

Jialiang Feng, Chak K. Chan, Ming Fang, Min Hu, Lingyan He, Xiaoyan Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


Twenty-eight PM2.5 samples collected in Summer (July 2002) and Winter (November 2002) at two sites in Beijing, China were analyzed using GC/MS to investigate the impact of meteorology and coal burning on the solvent extractable organic compounds (SEOC). The characteristics and abundance of the n-alkanes, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), n-fatty acids and n-alkanols were determined. Source identification was made using organic species as molecular markers. Semi-volatile compounds of alkanes and PAHs had much higher concentrations in winter than summer because of the large difference in the temperature between the seasons. Plant wax emission was a major contributor to n-alkanes in summer, but fossil fuel residue was a major source (>80%) in winter. The seasonal differences in the distribution of pentacyclic triterpanes clearly shows the impact of coal burning for space heating in winter. The yield of PAHs in winter (148 ng m-3 at the urban site and 277 ng m -3 at the suburban site) was six to eight times higher than that in summer and was found to be mainly from coal burning. Higher pollutant concentrations were measured at the suburban site than the urban site in winter due to the rapid expansion of the city limit and the relocation of factories from urban to suburban areas over the last two decades. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)623-632
Number of pages10
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-07-06

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemistry


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