Impact of Eu3+ ion substitution on structural, magnetic and microwave traits of Ni–Cu–Zn spinel ferrites

M. A. Almessiere, Y. Slimani, H. Güngüneş, V. G. Kostishyn, S. V. Trukhanov, A. V. Trukhanov, A. Baykal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

126 Scopus citations


Partially europium (Eu) substituted Ni0.4Cu0.2Zn0.4EuxFe2-xO4 (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.10) nanostructured spinel ferrites (NSFs) were produced by sol-gel auto-combustion strategy. The XRD analyses verified the existence of the single-phase composition in all the investigated samples. The Mössbauer spectra were used to estimate the values of the line-width disparity, isomeric shift (IS), quadrupole splitting, and hyperfine magnetic field (HMF). The values of HMF of the A and B sites decreased with the rise in Eu substitutions. The paramagnetic contribution of the NSFs increased with the rise in Eu3+ contents. The S-parameters of the proposed NSFs were measured using co-axial method. The frequency dispersions of the permittivity and permeability were utilized to determine the reflection losses in the 1–20 GHz frequency range. The occurrences of the natural ferromagnetic resonance (NFMR) enabled substantial absorption of the electromagnetic energy ranged from 2.5 to 9.5 GHz. There was established a strong correlation between the level of chemical substitution (x) and amplitude-frequency characteristics of the studied spinel ferrites was established. Furthermore, the increase of Eu substitution strongly influenced the frequency characteristics of the NSFs. Anomalous changing of the resonant amplitude (more than 4 times) was shown. This can be explained by the appearance of indirect exchange interactions between Fe3+ (3 d5) and Eu3+ (4f6) electronic shells. Results revealed a potential for practical applications of such kinds of materials in functional radio electronic devices.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11124-11131
Number of pages8
JournalCeramics International
Issue number8
StatePublished - Mar 31 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-06-13
Acknowledgements: The authors acknowledge the financial support from the Institute for Research and Medical Consultations (Grant No. 2017-IRMC-S-3, 2018-IRMC-S-2 and 2019-IRMC-S-1) and Deanship of Scientific Research (Grant No. 2018-209-IRMC and 2017-605-IRMC) of Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Saudi Arabia. Special appreciations are extended to the Core Lab teams of the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) for the technical assistance. The work was supported by Russian Science Foundation (Agreement No. 19-19-00694 of May 06, 2019) in the field of microwave analysis.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials


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