Ignition delay time measurements of diesel and gasoline blends

Mohammed A. AlAbbad, Yang Li, Khalid Aljohani, Gavin Kenny, Khaiyom Hakimov, Moaz Al-lehaibi, Abdul-Hamid M. Emwas, Patrick Meier, Jihad Badra, Henry Curran, Aamir Farooq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Blends of diesel and gasoline can be used to achieve certain desired ignition characteristics in advanced compression ignition engine concepts. In this work, ignition delay times were measured for two blends of diesel and gasoline in two shock tubes and in a rapid compression machine. These blends comprised of 50/50 and 25/75 volumetric% of diesel and gasoline, respectively. To ensure complete vaporization of the blends, the prepared samples were analyzed with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and laser absorption. The analyses revealed full evaporation, and negligible decomposition/oxidation occurred during mixture preparation. Ignition delay measurements covered wide ranges of temperatures (710–1349 K), pressures (10 and 20 bar), and equivalence ratios (0.5, 1.0 and 2.0). The measured ignition delay times of the two dieseline blends are compared with experimental data of low- to mid-octane gasoline and low- to high-cetane fuels. The measured data are also compared with the simulated ignition delay times of primary reference fuel (PRF) and toluene primary reference fuels (TPRF) surrogates. Multi-component surrogates are proposed for the dieseline blends, and the measured ignition delays of the multi-component surrogates and the dieseline blends are in very good agreement.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)460-475
Number of pages16
JournalCombustion and Flame
StatePublished - Sep 23 2020

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: The paper is based on work supported by Saudi Aramco Research and Development Center FUELCOM program under Master Research Agreement Number 6600024505/01 and the Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). FUELCOM (Fuel Combustion for Advanced Engines) is a collaborative research undertaking between Saudi Aramco and KAUST intended to address the fundamental aspects of hydrocarbon fuel combustion in engines, and develop fuel/engine design tools suitable for advanced combustion modes. The authors at NUI Galway recognize funding support from Science Foundation Ireland (SFI) via their Principal Investigator Program through project number 15/IA/3177.


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