Ice break-up, shedding, and impact analysis for helicopters

Rooh Ul Amin Khurram, Naeem-Ur-Rehman Minhas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


A fluid-structure interaction (FSI) problem of interest is the break-up of ice accreted on the rotor blades of helicopter. Interest in ice shedding involves its three phases: ice detachment from the surface, tracking of the piece of ice as it is carried through the flowfield, and the subsequent impact forces if it hits a solid surface. We present a 3D finite element method (FEM) to predict the shed ice shape by using an FSI approach to determine the loads and linear fracture mechanics to track crack propagation. The mass and shape of shed ice is calculated for a typical icing condition. Furthermore, results of the trajectories of the ice shed are also presented. These calculations provide initial conditions for the subsequent impact analysis. Qualitative and quantitative impact analysis of shed ice on target consisting of aluminum, carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP), glass, and human skull are performed. The results show that the shed ice will cause: significant damage to aluminum and CFRP, shattering of glass windows, and fatal trauma to human skull.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication39th European Rotorcraft Forum 2013, ERF 2013
PublisherRussian Helicopters
Number of pages2
ISBN (Print)9781510810075
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-12-24
Acknowledgements: Authors would like to acknowledge the encouragement and financial support of Professor Talaat Al-Kassab, Physical Sciences and Engineering Division, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia.


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